June 11, 2018
Retirement is a phase of life that everyone looks forward to living comfortably. Individuals start planning for their finances early or at least before the retirement phase peeps in. There are various concerns when doing investment planning post-retirement. The major challenge is that the source of income is limited and the options for taking risks are less. Despite that, one needs a surplus amount to meet their sustenance needs.
Hence, it is advisable to look carefully for investment options based on your post-retirement financial goals and needs. If you are a senior citizen or on the verge of retiring, you may consider investing in schemes below.
1.Senior Citizen Savings Schemes(SCSS)
The scheme is specially tailored to meet the financial needs of senior citizens and hence should be considered as a part of your investment portfolio. The primary criteria to be eligible for the scheme is to be above the age of 60. It can be availed from any bank or post office. The maximum investment allowed in this scheme is of Rs 15 lakhs at the interest rate of 8.3% annually, which is reset every quarter. The scheme is covered under tax benefits of Section 80C up to Rs. 1.5 lakhs.
However, the investment is locked in for five years, which can be extended further up to 3 years. You can make premature withdrawals in this scheme. For early retirees, the funds should be invested in SCSS within a month of receiving the retirement funds.
- Fixed Deposits
Another popular choice for senior citizens when it comes to investing is FD. In case of fixed deposits, banks, as well as financial companies, offer competitive interest rates to senior citizens. FDs score high on safety and security of funds with a good amount of returns. FD’s with longer tenure have higher gains and benefits, but you can also invest in it for short-term needs. Unlike other schemes, FD provides flexibility to invest in tenure ranging from 7 days to 10 years. Moreover, with Bajaj Finance, senior citizens get an opportunity to avail 8.20% interest on their investment as compared to other investment options.
- Post Office Monthly Income Scheme(POMIS):
POMIS is a five-year investment scheme by Indian Post where an individual can invest up to Rs 4.5 lakhs and Rs. 9 lakh in a joint account with a minimum investment starting at Rs 1500. The interest rate offered in this scheme is 7.8% annually, which is payable monthly and is fixed for a maturity period of up to five years. Though this scheme does not qualify for any tax benefits, it is considered to be ideal and safe investment scheme for senior citizens offering higher yields with stable returns.
- Mutual Funds
Mutuals funds signify risks, though this option is known for their higher returns on investment when invested in right equities. The interest may go as high as 20% in mutual funds with the associated risk factor. So, it is always advisable to start off with investing in low risk mutual funds and then move on to higher risk high-performance mutual funds. Depending on risk profile, one may consider investing a percentage of their funds into equity mutual funds(MFs) due to their nature of high returns. While you take risks, one way of reducing the risks is to diversify the investment portfolio across a variety of industries. Debt funds are another good alternative for senior citizens due to their obvious liquidity.
- Tax Free Bonds:
Bonds are securities issued by government-backed companies or projects like Indian Railway Finance Corporation, Power Finance Corporation Ltd or National Highway Authority of India to raise finances with reasonable interest rates. The interest earned on these bonds gets credited to bond holder’s bank account. One can also trade these tax-free bonds as they are listed as securities on the stock market. Currently, tax-free bonds of top rated public sector companies on an average offer a yield of 6.4-6.5 percent. As the investment period is longer ranging over 15 years or more, one must plan in advance to include tax-free bonds as a part of their retirement plan.
The last thing you want to worry about post-retirement is the shortage of funds. Hence it is best to plan and opt for the best investment plans that suit your needs. A right investment planning boosts your income but can give you the perks of retirement life that everyone hopes.